Рефераты по иностранным языкам

7 species of animals that we can lose in the near future “thanks” to humanity

13 Марта 2014, творческая работа

Nature unique. Extinct species are unique, and future generations will never see them firsthand. What we leave our descendants? Stuffed in museums and bones in the ground? Do not think that the wildlife exterminated only with guns and traps. On our planet, there are various changes constantly, from minor to global. The Soviet Union also made efforts in this black case: one has only to recall the loud calls “turn back the Siberian rivers”, who joined the Red Book of several species of extinct animals, and others – have put on the brink of extinction. Deforestation, contamination of the environment waste management, climate change as a result of the process of human activity – all of this has a negative and destructive impact on wildlife. Man unwittingly robs animals and birds their natural habitat and foraging areas.

A business exists to create a customer

16 Декабря 2012, доклад

A customer (also known as a client, buyer, or purchaser) is usually used to refer to a current or potential buyer or user of the products of an individual or organization, called the supplier, seller, or vendor. This is typically through purchasing or renting goods or services. However, in certain contexts, the term customer also includes by extension any entity that uses or experiences the services of another. A customer may also be a viewer of the product or service that is being sold despite deciding not to buy them. The general distinction between a customer and a client is that a customer purchases products, whereas a client purchases services.

A Framework for Thinking Ethically

20 Марта 2012, реферат

This document is designed as an introduction to thinking ethically. We all have an image of our better selves-of how we are when we act ethically or are "at our best." We probably also have an image of what an ethical community, an ethical business, an ethical government, or an ethical society should be. Ethics really has to do with all these levels-acting ethically as individuals, creating ethical organizations and governments, and making our society as a whole ethical in the way it treats everyone.

A role of women in a contemporary society

20 Апреля 2012, сочинение

A role of women in a contemporary society.
Since the ancient time women were thought to be the weaker sex. This name was probably given by men, who decided that the nature made males and females opposite in everything, so if they are the stronger sex, there must be somebody who needs their protection. Indeed, women are weaker than men in body strength as well as in mental stability. But men used it as an excuse to keep women far from the prior positions in the world, in the society and even in the house for many years. Nowadays there’s a recession in the values and meanings of the past centuries, a reversal of roles between men and women. But did it change the position of a woman in a society?

A rotary engine

16 Апреля 2011, контрольная работа

Engine is from the Latin ingenium, which referred to one’s ability to create things; it comes from a root meaning ‘create; beget’. Its first meaning in English, from about the fourteenth century, was very much this one of genius, a skill in devising things. It could also refer to a contrivance or device, particularly any mechanical apparatus. In the 1670s one John Worlidge invented a machine for pulping apples in cidermaking; he termed his device the Ingenio, an obvious reference to the Latin original. Engine was commonly applied also to weapons of war.

About myself

29 Ноября 2012, доклад

Let me introduce myself. My name is Maksim. I’m 20 years old. I am was born in the Aremenia, and I live in Stavropol. I am a student. I study at the CKFU. I live with my parents.My family is small, father, mather, sister and i. I have a lot of friends. I like merry company and parties.I have not much time for doing sports. Sometimes I spend an hour or two watching an interesting In the evening I often read newspapers. I like to read books. My favourite writer is Aleksandr Pushkin.That’s all!

About myself

17 Февраля 2013, методичка

Let me introduce myself.
My name is Alex, my surname is Voronin.
I am seventeen years old.
I was born on the 2nd of October in 1995 in Or

About the town of Kropotkin

01 Ноября 2012, автореферат

Kropotkin is located in the eastern part of the region, on the right bank of the river Kuban, 136 km to the north-east from Krasnodar. Founded in 1771 as the Caucasian fortress to protect Russia's southern border. Cossacks of the Don village Romanov put up a post here. Growing up around it the village received the same name. In 1921 the town was renamed into Kropotkin (in honor of P.A. Kropotkin, the famous revolutionary, and scholar.) Population - 82.5 thousand people. Currentl

Abraham Lincoln

13 Апреля 2014, реферат

Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865) was the 16th President of the United States, serving from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln led the United States through its Civil War—its bloodiest war and its greatest moral, constitutional and political crisis. In so doing he preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government and modernized the economy.

Abraham Maslow and the hierarchy of needs

16 Декабря 2012, биография

Abraham Harold Maslow was born April 1, 1908 in Brooklyn, New York. He was the first of seven children born to his parents, who themselves were uneducated Jewish immigrants from Russia. His parents, hoping for the best for their children in the new world, pushed him hard for academic success. Not surprisingly, he became very lonely as a boy, and found his refuge in books.
To satisfy his parents, he first studied law at the City College of New York (CCNY). After three semesters, he transferred to Cornell, and then back to CCNY. He married Bertha Goodman, his first cousin, against his parents’ wishes. Abe and Bertha went on to have two daughters.

Abu Rayhon Beruniyning Ma'mun Akademiyasidagi ilmiy faoliyati

29 Января 2011, реферат

Abu-r-Rayhon Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Beruniy o'rta asrning eng buyuk olimlaridan biridir. U o'z zamonasining barcha fanlarini – fizika, matematika va tabiiy-tarixiy fanlarni egallagan.

Beruniy faqat olimgina bo'lib qolmasdan, o'z zamonasida Xorazmning ko'zga ko'ringan siyosiy arboblaridan edi.

Adjectives (прилагательные)

10 Октября 2010, реферат

Реферат по теоретической грамматике английского языка для студентов иностранных отделений и факультетов.
In grammar, an adjective is a word whose main syntactic role is to modify a noun or pronoun, giving more information about the noun or pronoun's referent. Some examples can be seen in the box to the right. Collectively, adjectives form one of the traditional English eight parts of speech, though linguists today distinguish adjectives from words such as determiners that also used to be considered adjectives.
Not all languages have adjectives, but most, including English, do. (English adjectives include big, old, and tired, among many others.) Those that do not, typically use words of another part of speech, often verbs, to serve the same semantic function; for example, such a language might have a verb that means "to be big", and would use a construction analogous to "big-being house" to express what English expresses as "big house". Even in languages that do have adjectives, one language's adjective might not be another's; for example, while English uses "to be hungry" (hungry being an adjective), French uses "avoir faim" (literally "to have hunger"), and where Hebrew uses the adjective "זקוק" (zaqūq, roughly "in need of"), English uses the verb "to need".
In most languages with adjectives, they form an open class of words; that is, it is relatively common for new adjectives to be formed via such processes as derivation.

Administrative Justice in Italy

30 Октября 2011, реферат

Italian law is based on Roman law, particularly its civil law, and on French Napoleonic law (itself based on the Roman model).
The codes of the Kingdom of Sardinia in civil and penal affairs were extended to the whole of Italy when Italy was unified in the mid-19th century. The revised 1990 penal code replaced the old ‘inquisitory’ system with an accusatory system similar to that of common-law countries.

Alina Kabaeva

17 Февраля 2012, доклад

Alina Maratovna Kabaeva (Russian: Али́на Мара́товна Каба́ева; Tatar: Älinä Marat qızı Qabayeva; born May 12, 1983[1]) is a Russian Honored Master of Sports, retired rhythmic gymnast, and politician. Since 2007, she has been a State Duma deputy from the United Russia party.
Kabaeva is Russia's most successful rhythmic gymnast to date, and is also one of the most decorated gymnasts in the history of rhythmic gymnastics with two Olympic medals, 18 world championship medals and 25 European championship medals.

Aliquam erat volutpat

30 Августа 2011, реферат

Aliquam erat volutpat. Nunc sem orci, convallis id scelerisque sed, posuere nec magna. Maecenas pharetra volutpat neque. Sed ut lorem ut dolor semper pharetra et vitae tellus. Mauris auctor faucibus nunc eget vehicula. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Etiam ut tellus vitae nulla sagittis facilisis aliquet placerat justo. Aenean scelerisque viverra neque nec malesuada. Praesent sed nisl augue. Suspendisse potenti. Curabitur tincidunt blandit turpis, et ornare tellus pulvinar non.

All summer in one day

12 Января 2012, сочинение

This story is written by Ray Bradbury who is known for his works in science-fiction and speculative fantasy. He usually chooses futuristic settlement as a scene for depicting different social problems and sins of the society. This story is not an exception.

Amathus Beach

28 Марта 2012, контрольная работа

Amathus Beach – hotel, which is a model of the ideal of service. Accommodation at luxury beautifully decorated restaurants with excellent cuisine, rich selection of proposals for recreation and sport – all the guests! Amathus Beach Hotel surrounded by sunny immaculately manicured lawns, and covers an area of 4000 square meters. By the beginning of the 2002 season at the hotel were carried out restoration work, and updated interiors of all 239 rooms.

American music and musicians

11 Марта 2012, курсовая работа

Music intertwines with aspects of American social and cultural identity, including through social class, race and ethnicity, geography, religion, language, gender and sexuality. The relationship between music and race is perhaps the most potent determiner of musical meaning in the United States. The development of an African-American musical identity, out of disparate sources from Africa and Europe, has been a constant theme in the music history of the United States. Li

American Youth: changes in contemporary life

03 Апреля 2013, реферат

My report is devoted to the study of the topic “American Youth: changes in contemporary life.” I decided to investigate this question, because for me it is very interesting and useful to know about American youth itself and their way of life; to find the differences, which took place in their lifestyle; to see what American young people are interested in, what their hobbies are, what ways of holidays they prefer, what their attitude to different aspects of life such as death, war, religion and so on are.


18 Ноября 2010, реферат

The Treaty on European Union shall be amended in accordance with the provisions of this Article.

1) After the third recital the following recital shall be inserted: “CONFIRMING their attachment to fundamental social rights as defined in the European Social Charter signed at Turin on 18 October 1961 and in the

1989 Community Charter of the Fundamental Social Rights of Workers,”

2) The existing seventh recital shall be replaced by the following: “DETERMINED to promote economic and social progress for their peoples, taking into account the principle of sustainable development and within the context of the accomplishment of the internal market and of reinforced cohesion and environmental protection, and to implement policies ensuring that advances in economic integration are accompanied by parallel progress in other fields

An Analysis of Jane Eyre

20 Февраля 2013, практическая работа

The novel is rich in poetry, symbolism and metaphor. It does not fit easily into a definite pattern, being neither a novel of "manners" in the tradition of Austen, or a straightforward Gothic Romance in the style of Mrs Radcliffe. What Charlotte Bronte did was to create a work which cleverly blends elements of the two styles, and which remains uniquely independent of them at the same time, since it addresses issues which were at the time rather controversial.

An outstanding person of the England: Leonardo da Vinci

23 Октября 2011, реферат

В реферате на английском языке рассмотрена биография и творчество Леонардо да Винчи как деятеля искусства, мыслителя и литератора.

An outstanding person of the England: Leonardo da Vinci

19 Апреля 2012, реферат

Leonardo di ser Piero da Vinci (Italian pronunciation: [leoˈnardo da ˈvintʃi] pronunciation (help•info); April 15, 1452 – May 2, 1519, Old Style) was an Italian Renaissance polymath: painter, sculptor, architect, musician, scientist, mathematician, engineer, inventor, anatomist, geologist, cartographer, botanist, and writer whose genius, perhaps more than that of any other figure, epitomized the Renaissance humanist ideal. Leonardo has often been described as the archetype of the Renaissance Man, a man of "unquenchable curiosity" and "feverishly inventive imagination". He is widely considered to be one of the grea

Analiza pietei industriei de incaltaminte si a pozitiei competitive a interprinderii

23 Сентября 2011, реферат

In scopul efectuarii analizei de concurenta am ales ca exemplu industria incaltamintei. Industria de producere a incaltamintei este o ramura componenta a industriei usoare, una din cele mai vechi ramuri din ţară şi una din cele mai dezvoltate şi prospere ramuri ale economiei naţionale. Conform Strategiei de dezvoltare a industriei pe perioada pînă în anul 2015, industria incaltamintei va devenit o ramură prioritară a economiei naţionale, dispunînd de avantaje foarte mari.

Analyse comparative des occurrences de lexèmes dans la nouvelle d’Alexandre Pouchkine “La Dame de pique” et sa traduction française de Prosper Merimée

08 Марта 2012, контрольная работа

Нечто скрываемое от других, известное не всем; секрет.
Семейная т. Сердечные, душевные тайны. Военная, государственная т. Служебная, профессиональная т. Т. исповеди. Т. переписки. Т. денежных вкладов. Хранить, сохранить тайну. Держать в тайне. Выдать, открыть тайну. Посвятить в тайну.

Appellate courts

15 Апреля 2013, контрольная работа

Above them are appellate courts, that are usually collegiate bodies, consisting of several judges instead of the single one who usually presides over a trial court. The jurisdiction of the appellate courts is usually general; specialized appellate tribunals handling, for example, only criminal appeals or only civil ones are rare, although not unknown. Their functions are those of reviewing the work of trial courts and of correcting their errors.


06 Марта 2013, реферат

Når vi ser på antikkens filosofer som de første vitenskaps mennesker og prøver å sammenligne dem, vil Aristoteles blir usammenlignbart i forhold til andre, siden hans bidrag til vitenskapen var enormt. Han var elev av Platon som var elev av Sokrates og de var de første som vendte viten mot mennesker og begynte å studere og analysere mennesker, det så kalte antropologi. De alle tre var motstandere av sofistiske syn på filosofi og mente i motsetning til dem at det fantes allmenngyldige etisk-politiske normer.

Aroma Marketing

22 Ноября 2012, реферат

Aroma Marketing studies the impact of fragrances on human behavior and reactions. Emotional states are an important factor influencing the choices. The most important senses are: sight, hearing, taste ,smell and touch. According to these criteria, we need a lot of attention in creating an atmosphere in particular place.

Art galleries of London

04 Марта 2014, реферат

Speaking about art galleries of London we should first of all mention the National Gallery, the National Portrait Gallery and the Tate Gallery. I would like to tell you about the National Portrait Gallery and about the Tate Gallery.
The National Gallery houses one of the richest and most extensive collections of painting in the world. It stands to the north of Trafalgar Square. The gallery was designed by William Wilkins and built in 834-37.

Australian and kiwi english

19 Ноября 2011, реферат

It is a fact of common knowledge that English is language of universal importance. It is clear that a language is that wave, through which is passed on the culture. If English language is becoming the main source of communication between people of different countries, the outcomes of this are obvious: culture of English speaking countries will be prevailing all over the world.