Автор: Пользователь скрыл имя, 19 Декабря 2012 в 11:28, доклад
Russian traditional wedding is different from what people are used to in the United States of America, Canada, Mexico or Europe. There are no rehearsals, bridesmaids, and flower girls. The best man and the maid of honor are called “witnesses” or in Russian “svideteli”. The wedding celebration usually lasts for two days (or more) and requires preparation of about 1 to 6 months. The registration of marriage takes place at the department of public services or in Russian - “ZAGS”. Nowadays many couples also choose the church ceremony.
Russian traditional wedding is different from what people are
used to in the United States of America, Canada, Mexico or
Europe. There are no rehearsals, bridesmaids, and flower girls. The
best man and the maid of honor are called “witnesses” or in Russian
“svideteli”. The wedding celebration usually lasts for two days
(or more) and requires preparation of about 1 to 6 months. The registration
of marriage takes place at the department of public services or in Russian
- “ZAGS”. Nowadays many couples also choose the church ceremony.
PART 1. Ransom for the bride (VYKUP NEVESTY)
The groom is coming to the bride's home with his closest
friends and relatives. To get the bride he has to pay some ransom to
the folks on the bride’s side. Everything is played out as a joke
and both sides are mostly competing in the sense of humor. The guy must
pass several trials to see and to take his bride away. For example he
is asked to make compliments to the bride. Or they can check how well
he knows her asking different questions about her. If he doesn’t know
the answer to the question or is mistaken then he must pay.After getting
the bride, the couple gets out of the house into the car (usually limousine)
to go for the marriage registration. On the way from the house to the
car groom and his crew also have to deal with the neighbors and kids,
who all want coins, candies and free drinks. In return neighbors solute
the couple and sprinkle them with coins and rice. This is done for future prosperity and well-being
of newly-married couple.
PART 2. Orthodox Marriage Ceremony (VENCHANIE)
If the couple decides to get married in the Russian Orthodox Church, the ceremony is usually 30 to 120 minutes long with all the Russian orthodox traditions taking place. Orthodox marriage ceremony is well described in Tolstoy’s books and other classical literature. I just have to mention that the ceremony is very beautiful and is almost breathtaking both for the couple and the guests.
PART 3. Civil Ceremony (ROSPIS' V ZAGSE)
The civil ceremony takes place at the department of public services (“ZAGS”). At the entry to the registration hall the couple is greeted by the guests with bread and salt. Afterwards they are led by the receptionist inside the hall, where the actual ceremony is held. The ceremony is about 15 minutes long and at the end of it the couple exchanges rings, says “I do” and signs the book of registry. Then they are pronounced the man and wife and walk out of the hall to the music of Mendelssohn played by the Russian Wedding Orchestra. The civil ceremony is an official part of the wedding but the real celebration starts afterwards.
PART 4. LIMOUSINE AND PLACES (PROGULKA)
After the official registration a newly-married couple
goes to the trip through the city with guests. They stay at mostly important
monuments and sightseeing. Besides there is a tradition that the groom
must carry bride on his hands through all the bridges in the city. Of
course it is rarely executed but at least one bridge is necessary. As
a rule at each staying guests say toasts for the young family.
5. Russian Wedding Reception (GULYANKA)
But all of the above is just a prelude to the main celebration – the gala feast! Unlike wedding receptions in the West, Russian wedding receptions are very loud and they last for two days or sometimes even longer. They include a lot of Russian music, singing, dancing, long toasts, and the abundance of food and drinks to go with it. The guests love to sing Russian traditional songs to the sounds of accordion, bayan or garmoshka.
BREAD AND SALT
It is offered to the newlyweds by both parents as a symbol of health, prosperity and long life. Both bride and groom must take a bite of the bread and the one that takes the largest bite will be the head of the family!
WEDDING TOASTS AND BROKEN GLASSES
At the beginning of the reception a relative or close friend makes a wedding toast to the bride and groom. By Russian tradition everyone throws their champagne glasses on the floor and it is considered a good luck if the glasses break when they hit the ground.
STEALING THE BRIDE (KRAZHA NEVESTY)
The groom should constantly keep his eyes on the bride. If the bride gets out of the groom’s sight, she could be stolen by his friends and the groom will have to pay the ransom.
Besides if you are at a Russian wedding don’t be surprised when you’ll quite often hear here guest shouts “Bitterly!” Sometimes even too often. Don’t think it far doesn’t speak that the food isn’t tasty. In fact when guests shout “Bitterly!” that means that the groom and bride must kiss each other. By the way sometimes you can also hear “Sweet!” And this moment witnesses must kiss each other.
Usually weddings take part on Saturday. But celebrating lasts 2 days. On Sunday bride isn’t wearing her white dress. This day guests gather again together and continue having fun. There aren’t any special traditions on Monday.