Monetary policy of Switzerland

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Prepared by: Beibit S., Kuatbekova G., Murzakarimova P.

Management 243


Monetary policy of Switzerland



    • Switzerland - one of the most important financial centers in the world.








    • Swiss National Bank, which started its activities in 1907, is the only financial institution producing the national currency.
    • The main currency - Swiss Franc - one of the most stable currencies in the world.
    • The National Bank is controlled by the federal government and has a great influence on the economic policy of the confederation.



There are two interconnected banking systems:

the state system, including the Swiss National Bank and the banks of the cantons

the system of private banks

The activities of the Swiss bank


    • The Bank's activity is defined in Article 99 of the Constitution of Switzerland:





1. Monetary and currency business is managed by the Confederation, it alone has the right issue coins and banknotes.


2. The Swiss National Bank as an independent central bank conducts monetary and currency policy that serves to the general interest of the country; it is governed by the participation and under the supervision of the Confederation


3. The Swiss National Bank forms among its revenues sufficient currency reserves; part of these reserves is contained in gold.


4. Net profit of the National Bank of Switzerland for at least two-thirds comes to cantons.

The main functions of the Bank of Switzerland


    • Conducting credit and monetary policy to maintain price stability.
    • Implementation of a guaranteed supply of currency has the privilege of printing banknotes.
    • Management of international reserves (which include reserves of gold, currencies, instruments of international payments).
    • Ensuring the stability of the financial system.
    • Provision of non-cash payments.
    • Publication of statistical reports.

Swiss National Bank and its monetary and credit policy


    • First, the National Bank is holding out for price stability, taking into account the economic situation. Inflation and deflation - deterrents for producers and consumers, they undermine economic development, making the economy weaker and causing harm to it. According to the management of the central bank, price stability corresponds to the rate of inflation not above 2%.In the formulation of monetary and credit policy, the Bank is guided by its own inflation forecasts.
    • Secondly, the basis for the development of monetary policy is the medium-term outlook for inflation.


    • Third, it sets a target range of operating rates on three-month rate of LIBOR (London Interbank Offered Rate).

Monetary Aggregates in Switzerland


    • Defined monetary aggregates are M1, M2, and M3.
    • Money issuers are banks, post offices, and Swiss National Bank for currency, coins, and deposits.
      • Note: Current deposits and sight deposits at the SNB are included in each monetary aggregate.
    • Money holders are private non-depository residents.
    • Time deposits with any term of maturity are included in non-M2 component of M3.
    • Foreign currency denominated deposits are excluded from each aggregates.
    • MMMFs and RPs are excluded from all aggregates.

Composition and Definition of the Monetary Aggregates in Switzerland


Components of Major Aggregates

Definition of Each Component


Sum of the following three components.

(1) Currency In Circulation, including:

         * Notes and coins

         * Current accounts at the Swiss   

            National Bank (SNB)

         * Sight deposit accounts of trade and

            industry at the SNB

Notes and coins in circulation minus those at banks and post offices

   (2) Sight Deposits at Banks plus Postal Account Balances

Excluding postal account balances of banks and the Federal government.

   (3) Transaction Accounts 

Deposits in the form of savings accounts and investments for payment purposes


M1 plus the following component.

Savings Deposits

Liabilities vis-à-vis clients in savings and investment form, excluding transaction accounts and vested pension benefit and pension fund accounts


M2 plus the following component.

    Time Deposits


Capital of Switzerland


    • Switzerland very widely places own capital in the form of investments worldwide. The Swiss investments abroad have a characteristic feature: they go almost only to industrialized countries.


    • One third of all private capital investments in the world passes through the Swiss banks that essentially fills up thanks to taxes the budget of the country and allows to hold other taxes at rather low level.

Till the end of 2012 in Switzerland surplus of the budget in 1,5 billion SFR is expected


    • On August 15, 2012, the government of the Swiss Confederation declared that, despite considerable reduction of the income and only insignificant reduction of expenses, till the end of the current year the budgetary surplus in 1,5 billion SFR is expected. Similar data are received as a result of extrapolation of indicators of national economy in 7 months. Earlier it was supposed that the budget for 2012 will be executed with deficiency about 2,3 billion SFR.

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